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elevation: 5896 m

waypoint_type: summit

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Mount Kilimanjaro, mount Meru and Mount Oldonyo Lengai

Kilimanjaro is a giant stratovolcano reaching an elevation of 19,335.6 ft. (5,895 m). Other names for this volcano are: Kilima Dscharo, Oldoinyo Oibor (White Mountain in Masai), and Kilima Njaro meaning shining mountain in Swahili. This volcano's highest and youngest cone is named Kibo. Shira to the west and Mawenzi in the east are older cones that make up Kilimanjaro. Kibo has not been active in modern times, but steam and sulfur are still emitted. At the top of Kibo's summit is a 1 1/2 mile (2 1/4 Km) wide crater.

Kilimanjaro is the largest of an E-W belt of about 20 volcanoes near the southern end of the East African Rift Valley. Also prominent in this belt are Ngorongoro caldera - a superb wildlife refuge, Oldonyo Lengai- a carbonitite volcano, and Meru. Kilimanjaro is a triple volcano with the youngest and central peak of Kibo being 7.5-8.7 miles (12-14 km) from Shira to the west and Mawenza to the east. As all of Kilimanjaro's climbers know the gentle lower slopes steepen to 30 degrees about 13,000 ft.(4 km) elevation.

Shira is topped by a broad plateau, perhaps a filled caldera, and erosion has cut deeply into a remnant rim. In contrast, Mawenzi's summit is a steep rocky peak surrounded by cliffs 1,600 ft.(0.5 km) to 4,900 ft.(1.5 km) high. Erosion has removed the original crater, and a great horseshoe shaped ridge opens to the northeast. Mile-deep gullies with 30-45 degree gradients make many places practically inaccessible. Massive series of radial and concentric dyke swarm make up more than 30-40 percent of the summit area of Mawenzi. Kibo's glacier-clad summit, the highest spot in Africa, is a 1.2 x 1.7 mile (1.9 x 2.7 km) caldera, with an inner crater nearly a mile (1.3 km) wide, and inside that a deep, 1,148 ft. (350 m) wide central pit. Original volcanic forms are preserved at the summit and on many of the flanks, except on the south side where glaciers have cut deeply into the cone. Nearly 250 satellitic cones occur on Kilimanjaro, most following SE and NW trends. Estimates suggest that of a total volume of about 1,150 cu. miles, Mawenzi and Shira each contribute roughly 120 cu. mi. of andesites and basalts, Kibo has the same volume of similar but unexposed rocks, plus an additional 107 cu. miles. Interestingly, more than half of Kilimanjaro's volume is represented by older, basal basalts (672 cu. mi.), so once again- as in Cascade stratovolcanoes - a basaltic shield is the most important, but least conspicuous element of a chemically complex volcano. Kilimanjaro- Africa's largest volcano and among the largest on the Earth is indeed a beautiful and fascinating volcano of the world.

Global warming is not new phenomenon in the ears of many people and environmentalists.
The snows of Kilimanjaro are diminishing at alarming rate.
Of the challenges that have to be looked upon is planting many trees to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide around and atmosphere. By Creating micro climate through planting trees around mount Kilimanjaro and East Africa Region at LArge can create cloud cover around Kilimanjaro.
Several small environmental organization are planting trees around the Region. Some of the problems are lack of Volunteers, lack of Tree Nursery for indigenous trees, lack of funds, lack of education awareness education scheme.


The warmest months with the clearest trekking days, are from mid to late December, January, February, September and October. The rains often come in April and the start of May with the possibility of some snow.

June through to August are superb trekking months, though evening temperatures tend to be colder. The wettest months, are November and early December, where snow falls are likely. Note however, that as this is a mountain it is not impossible to get sporadic snow or rainfall at odd times throughout the year.

Many people like to arrange their summit around a full moon and Christmas and New Year are very popular

The extinct volcano of Kilimanjaro is one of the world's most recognisable peaks. It rises dramatically above the dusty East African plains with the impressive snow-capped summit awarding awe-inspiring views of this magnificent landscape. The expedition travels through one of Africa's best-known game reserves and climbs through five ecosystems, offering a full mountain experience with the ascent of the continent's highest peak.

Of the Seven Summits, Kilimanjaro is the least difficult to climb. However, at over 19,000ft high, it is still a tough ascent and trekkers will need to be in good physical condition. Our expedition incorporates a thorough programme of acclimatisation, including an ascent of nearby Mount Meru (4,556m/14,947ft) as preparation for the main objective. By applying our expertise from guiding many of the world's most formidable mountains, including Everest, we have established an unparalleled track record of success on Kilimanjaro.
Learn more about Mountain/Altitude sickness here from this link.

The Umbwe Route, followed by the Western Breach, is undoubtedly the most exciting route to the top of Kilimanjaro that does not require the use of ropes. It avoids the crowds on the well-trodden tourist trail from Marangu, which is used by the vast majority of people who attempt the mountain. Unlike, the usual dash up the Marangu route, our 6 days on the mountain allow us to experience this immaculate and inaccessible environment whilst gradually acclimatising our bodies to the higher altitude. We camp in high quality British tents and eat fresh, local food prepared by our Tanzanian cook staff.

This is a fairly short expedition that is geared to providing you with the maximum chance of success on Kilimanjaro. However, if you would like to remain in Africa for a few days longer, we can easily make arrangements for a wildlife safari to any one of the nearby game reserves. If this is of interest, please let us know in good time, as international flights will need to be re-arranged accordingly.

Kilimanjaro can be viewed from Amboseli Game Reserve in Kenya. Elephants migrate from Kilimanjaro to Amboseli or either way.

Mount Kilimanjaro climbing can be combined with Kenya safari in Amboseli, Masai Mara tours.
Kilimanjaro trekking routes are; Machame route mostly 6 days, Marangu can be climbed 5 and 6 days, Londorossi/Lemosho 7 or 8 days, Umbwe 5 day or 6 days,Londorossi/Western Breach 8-10 days, Rongai 6 days , 8 days Shira Exclusive fantastic route-through Shira Plateau from Londorossi gate is the most fascinating and scenic route up Kilimanjaro.

Meru, Oldonyo Lengai, Longido, Usambara, Uluguru, Udzungwa, Makarot.

News, Oldonyo Lengai actively threw masses of Volcano on 19th March and repeated in 2nd/3rd April.

For more details of formation, geology, nature and climbing mount Kilimanjaro visit;

For 7/8/10 kilimanjaro climbing or Mount Kilimanjaro climbing expeditions combined with wildlife safaris or extended beach holidays, enquire for itineraries;


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